Causes of lower back pain
Why is Low Back pain so common?
There are so many causes of back pain, however the lower back has more compression forces on the spine than any other area, especially in our modern lifestyle. I usually describe back pain as a multi-factorial condition; there are many factors that put stress on the back.
It is clear that lifting places pressure on the spine and can be a cause of back pain. I have written more about compression forces on the spine and the technique of lifting is very important.
Lifting injuries to the spine
Working in twisting, bending environments cause cause spinal injuries. For example carrying heavy shopping bags, and above all not stopping to think about the lifting!
Three common causes of back pain are Sacroiliac joint pain, Facet joint pain and Sciatica from disc bulges, injury or herniation, with leg pain.
Facet joint pain
Facets are pairs of interlocking joints in the spine. They provide stability to the spine and protection to the spinal cord yet allow an extraordinary amount of movement. With the high forces on the lumbar spine they can easily become inflamed, most commonly at L4-L5 or L5-S1. They can cause considerable pain and sensitivity as they are surrounded by nerves.
Chiropractic treatment often focuses on finding the exact facet joints which have restricted movement. Being synovial joints they are the main source of the popping sounds when the spine is manipulated. Because of their rich supply of nerves, they can cause intense pain when irritated or locked. Please read further for the full article on facet joint pain.
Sacroiliac joint pain
Sacroiliac joint injuries cause about 16-30% of lower back pain, which Chiropractors are experienced at treating. Huge pressure from sitting is a common cause. Please read the full article on sacroiliac joint pain.